Joel was a prophet to the southern kingdom, famous for his prophecy in Chapter 2 that God would "pour out his spirit on all flesh".
See comments on "Amos" concerning the relationship between the books.
The context of the prophecy was a disastrous combination of pests and invasion. In such a situation one would expect people to turn to God.
cf. Matthew 21:19,
This verse conveys the horror of the Day of the Lord. Presumably this is what john the Baptist expected Jesus to initiate. Amos 5:18 repeats this warning.
See Appendix 2: Trumpet.
cf. Mark 13:24
cf. Isaiah 42:13–25.
cf. Exodus 34:6=7, Numbers 14:18, Psalm 86:15, Matthew 5:2f. These verses are traditionally read on Ash Wednesday, and people are expected to respond by having a cross drawn on their foreheads with the ashes of last year's palm crosses, and the minister then reads Psalm 51:17.
See comment on Jeremiah 31:31. These verses were quoted by Peter in Acts 2:17–21. Water: see comment on Isaiah 44:3.
This prophecy was fulfilled Acts 16:16–17.
cf. Revelation 14:16–18.
© David Billin 2002–2021