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Joel

Joel was a prophet to the southern kingdom, famous for his prophecy in Chapter 2 that God would "pour out his spirit on all flesh".

See comments on "Amos" concerning the relationship between the books.

Commentary

1:4–7

The context of the prophecy was a disastrous combination of pests and invasion. In such a situation one would expect people to turn to God.

1:12

cf. Matthew 21:19, Mark 11:12–21f.

1:15

This verse conveys the horror of the Day of the Lord. Presumably this is what john the Baptist expected Jesus to initiate. Amos 5:18 repeats this warning.

2:1

See Appendix 2: Trumpet.

2:10

cf. Mark 13:24

2:11–12

cf. Isaiah 42:13–25.

2:12–13

cf. Exodus 34:6=7, Numbers 14:18, Psalm 86:15, Matthew 5:2f. These verses are traditionally read on Ash Wednesday, and people are expected to respond by having a cross drawn on their foreheads with the ashes of last year's palm crosses, and the minister then reads Psalm 51:17.

2:28–23

See comment on Jeremiah 31:31. These verses were quoted by Peter in Acts 2:17–21.

2:29

This prophecy was fulfilled Acts 16:16–17.

3:4

cf. Mark 13:24

3:10
cf. Isaiah 2:2–4, Micah 4:1–4.
3:13

cf. Revelation 14:16–18.

3:15

cf. Mark 13:24

References:

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© David Billin 2002–2021