Ezra 6:14 confirms that Haggai (as well as Zechariah) preached to those who returned from Exile to rebuild the temple, as is obvious from the book.
See Appendix 2: Temple.
This verse is quoted and expounded in Hebrews 12:26.
It is not clear what "the desired of nations" means, particularly when the fact that "nations" can equally well be translated "gentiles" is taken into account. The Hebrew verb translated "come" is plural so it is more likely to mean unspecified treasures than the Messiah as suggested by Handel's Messiah.
Some commmentators think that the word "take" implies being taken directly into heaven like Enoch (Genesis 5:24) and Elijah (2 Kings 2:11). I disagree, because the second half of the verse is clearly metaphorical when it describes Zerubbabel as a signet ring, and it is logical to regard the rest of the sentence in the same way. A signet ring is a sign of the owner's identity and effectively carries his authority. This verse is a sign that Zerubbabel will carry great authority delegated from God.
© David Billin 2002–2020