O
ld
T
estament
Ap
ocrypha
N
ew
T
estament
Book
Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Tobit Judith Esther Wisdom of Solomon Ecclesiasticus Baruch Letter of Jeremiah Prayer of Azariah & The Song of the Three Jews Susanna Bel and the Dragon 1 Maccabees 2 Maccabees Prayer of Manasseh Psalm 151 3 Maccabees 1 Esdras 2 Esdras 4 Maccabees Matthew Mark Luke John Acts Romans 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy 2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon Hebrews James 1 Peter 2 Peter 1 John 2 John 3 John Jude Revelation
Top ↑
Chapter
1 2

The Epistle to Titus

Commentary

1:5

The words Presbyter and Bishop are interchangeable (Greek episkopos, meaning shepherd, is used in LXX[1]; Presbyter describes the post and comes from Hebrew usage in the Synagogue, and Bishop describes the work to be done by a Presbyter (that is, the work of oversight) and derives from Greek and Roman usage. The word Presbyter is more commonly used where there was a strong Jewish presence. This emphasis on church hierarchy was a key element in the fight against Gnostic heresy.

1:6

See comment on 1 Timothy 3:2–12.

1:7

This verse is supposed to be the origin of the traditional Amethyst ring on a Bishop's finger; a-meth-ist meaning not a drunkard.

1:12

This is a paradox, a challenge to the intellect: if a cretan says all cretans are liars, the statement is untrue. But the point is, there are countries and sub-cultures in every age in which truth is in short supply, and no stranger can be taken at their word. The resulting suspicion and cynicism damages social cohesion and hinders the Gospel of truth.

1:15

We should be free of smutty talk because it is a symptom of, and encourages, impure thoughts.

2:11

The emphasis on God's grace "appearing" in these verses reminds us that Christianity is about God revealing himself to us, rather than us discovering God.

2:12

Jesus was tempted, so temptation is not sin, and we all experience it. Right living requires saying "no" to sinful ideas whenever we are tempted; failure to do so has characterised sin ever since the fall (Genesis 3:6). Jesus died so that we might have the power to win this battle (Ephesians 1:7).

2:15

Clergy should be able to relate to everyone.

3:5

This verse understands baptism as a hyper-washing that regenerates a person, saving them for eternal life.

References:

  1. LXX meaning the Septuagint

© David Billin 2002–2021